A city in California
San Francisco is situated on the west coast in the U.S. state of California. It was originally populated by the Indian tribe Muwekma Ohlone, which was nearly eradicated in the 19th century. Originally the city was a mission built up by monks and Spanish soldiers in 1776, one year after discovery the entrance to the famous San Francisco Bay. The first settlers built up church called Mission Dolores and the so called Presidio near the Golden gate. In 1848 it was a settlement of 200 people. Eight years later more than 50.000 people lived here because of the gold rush.
Earthquakes, bridges and more in San Francisco
The forty-niners who went to California by ship passed through the city and many returned to stay. The largest earthquake to hit the city took place in 1906. Three quarters of San Francisco had been burned down because of the fires which followed the quakes. This occasion was the decisive factor of giving the city its own heraldic bird on its flag: a phoenix. Below the bird is the text “Oro en Paz, Fierro en Guerra“.
San Francisco is surrounded on three sides by water, has more than 42 hills and is famous for its bridges, the dense fog and foghorns. The most famous bridge is the Golden Gate Bridge which was built by Joseph B. Strauss. This landmark connects San Francisco with Marin County in the north and was opened in 1937.
In the city more than 4500 restaurants are situated serving everything including the famous “Californian cuisine” which is said to be one of the best cuisine in the USA and based on fresh ingredients and unusual combinations because of the strong influence of many different cultures.